Addictive Disorders

Addictive disorders are a group of conditions that lead to compulsive, repetitive use of substances or behaviors despite negative consequences. These disorders can cause serious problems in a person's life, including financial ruin, job loss, legal problems, and strained relationships. Treatment for addictive disorders typically involves counseling and support groups to help the person stop using the substance or engaging in the behavior.

Anxiety Disorders 

Anxiety disorders are characterized by intense and persistent feelings of anxiety, fear, and worry. These disorders can make it difficult to function in daily life and can lead to avoidance of certain activities or situations. Common anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Treatment for anxiety disorders typically includes cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and/or medication.

Attachment Disorders

Adult attachment disorders are a type of mental illness that can develop in adults who have experienced significant trauma or disruption in their early caregiving relationships. Symptoms of adult attachment disorders can include difficulty forming and maintaining close relationships, chronic feelings of emptiness or loneliness, and difficulty regulating emotions. Although adult attachment disorders are relatively rare, they can cause significant distress and impairment in everyday functioning. Treatment for adult attachment disorders typically involves psychotherapy to help the individual develop healthier ways of relating to others.

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Attention Deficit Disorder, or ADD, is a condition that affects a person's ability to focus and pay attention. Symptoms of ADD can include trouble paying attention, easily distracted, fidgeting or squirming, and difficulty staying on task. While there is no cure for ADD, there are treatments that can help manage the symptoms. These treatments may include medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is a neurological disorder that affects approximately 5% of children and 2.5% of adults. Symptoms of ADHD include impulsivity, inattentiveness, and hyperactivity. While there is no cure for ADHD, there are many effective treatment options available.

Most experts agree that ADHD is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. A child's risk for developing ADHD increases if they have a close relative with the disorder. Additionally, exposure to certain toxins or stressors during pregnancy may also increase the risk for developing ADHD.

Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by instability in moods, behavior, self-image, and relationships. People with Borderline Personality Disorder often have difficulty regulating their emotions and may experience extreme swings in mood, from elation to depression. They may also engage in impulsive or risky behaviors, such as substance abuse, binge eating, or spending sprees.

Additionally, people with Borderline Personality Disorder may have a distorted self-image and feel worthless or undeserving. They may also be highly sensitive to real or perceived abandonment and have a fear of being alone. As a result of these symptoms, people with Borderline Personality Disorder often have tumultuous relationships. They may idealize someone one moment and then devalue them the next. They may also engage in manipulative behaviors to try to keep others close.

While there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating ADHD, most people with the disorder benefit from a combination of medication and behavioral therapy. Stimulant medications are often prescribed to help improve focus and concentration. Behavioral therapy can teach strategies for managing symptoms and improving functioning at home, school, or work. 

Co-occurring Disorders (Dual Diagnosis)  

If you or a loved one is struggling with both a mental health disorder and substance use disorder, we have a program that can help.

Having a mental illness and a substance use disorder simultaneously is called co-occurring disorder.  In addition to substance abuse and mental disorders, the term can also be used to describe other conditions, such as mental illness and intellectual disability. Previously, dual disorders and dual diagnoses were both used to describe the same condition.)

Co-occurring substance use disorders with psychiatric disorders may differ in severity, and the severity may change over time. Individuals with a combination of disorders may have more severe medical and mental health challenges, as well as require longer periods of treatment than those with a single disorder.

Emotional Self-Harm

Emotional self-harm is a serious issue that can have a profound impact on an individual's mental health and well-being. It is often defined as any type of self-inflicted emotional pain or hurt, such as cutting, burning, or overdosing on drugs. While emotional self-harm is sometimes seen as a cry for help, it can also be a way to numb oneself from emotional pain or to punish oneself for real or perceived wrongdoings. Emotional self-harm can become addictive and lead to more serious forms of self-injury, such as suicide.

Grief & Loss

Grief and loss are difficult topics to talk about. For many people, they can be overwhelming and even taboo. But it's important to remember that grief and loss are a natural part of life. They're also an important part of the human experience.

Grief is a response to losing something or someone important to you. It can be caused by death, divorce, job loss, or any other number of things. Loss is what you experience when that thing or person is gone.

There is no one "right" way to grieve or deal with loss. Some people may withdraw and become quiet while others may express their grief openly. There is no timeline for grief either. Some people may start to feel better after a few weeks while others may struggle for months or even years. 

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think, and how you act. MDD causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person's ability to function at work and home. MDD is not the same as feeling blue or down for a short period of time after experiencing a loss or disappointment.

Symptoms of MDD are usually long-lasting, severe, and negatively impactful on everyday life. They can include changes in appetite, weight, sleep, energy levels, concentration, self-esteem, and libido. Physical symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, body aches, and digestive problems are also common. If you think you may be suffering from MDD, it is important to seek professional help as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential for managing the condition and preventing it from becoming worse.

Mood Disorders, including Bipolar Spectrum Disorders

Mood disorders are characterized by persistent changes in mood that can interfere with daily life. Common types of mood disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders. While the exact cause of mood disorders is not known, they are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Treatment for mood disorders typically includes medication and psychotherapy. Medication can help to stabilize mood and relieve symptoms, while psychotherapy can help patients to understand and cope with their disorder.

Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar Disorders are mental illnesses that cause drastic changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. People with bipolar disorder can have periods of intense highs (mania or hypomania) followed by periods of lows (depression). Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive disorder.

There are three types of bipolar disorder:

  • Bipolar I Disorder—defined by manic episodes that last at least seven days, or manic episodes that are so severe that hospitalization is necessary. Depressive episodes last at least two weeks. In some cases, mania and depression can occur at the same time.
  • Bipolar II Disorder—defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes associated with Bipolar I Disorder.
  • Cyclothymic Disorder (also called Cyclothymia)—a milder form of bipolar disorder that involves shorter periods of hypomania and depression. While there is no cure for bipolar disorder, it is treatable. Treatment usually involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. 

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) 

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD, is a mental disorder that affects millions of people around the world. OCD is characterized by obsessions, which are unwanted and intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses that repeatedly pop into a person's mind; and compulsions, which are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that a person feels compelled to perform in order to alleviate their anxiety or distress. People with OCD often have difficulty functioning in their daily lives as their obsessions and compulsions can consume a great deal of time and energy.

OCD most commonly develops in childhood or adolescence, but can also occur in adulthood. It is estimated that 1-2% of the population suffers from OCD. While it can be a debilitating condition, there are many effective treatments available that can help people with OCD manage their symptoms and live fulfilling lives.

Personality Disorders

Personality disorders are a group of conditions that are characterized by distorted and unhealthy patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving. The cause of personality disorders is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment for personality disorders typically involves psychotherapy, medication, or both.

There are many different types of personality disorders, each with its own set of symptoms. Some common symptoms of personality disorders include:

  • Difficulty managing emotions
  • Difficulty maintaining relationships
  • Impulsivity
  • Self-destructive behaviors
  • Unhealthy coping mechanisms (e.g., substance abuse)

If you or someone you know is struggling with a personality disorder, there is help available. Mental health care providers in Kokomo, Indiana can offer treatment and support.

Personality disorders are a type of mental disorder that can cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Personality disorders are characterized by inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience. These patterns develop early, are persistent, and can lead to significant distress or problems in functioning.

There are 10 different types of personality disorders which are grouped into three clusters based on symptoms and similar characteristics. Cluster A personality disorders (including paranoid, schizotypal, and antisocial personality disorders) are characterized by odd or eccentric thinking and behavior. Cluster B personality disorders (including borderline, histrionic, narcissistic, and avoidant personality disorders) are characterized by dramatic, erratic, or emotional thinking and behavior. Cluster C personality disorders (including obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and dependent personality disorder) are characterized by anxious or fearful thinking and behavior.

Personality disorders typically begin in adolescence or young adulthood and may be triggered by stressful life events such as relationship breakups or job loss. Treatment for personality disorders often includes psychotherapy, medication, or both.

Schizophrenia / Schizoaffective Disorders

There are many different types of mental disorders, and schizophrenia is one of the most serious. Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that affects about 1% of the world’s population. People with schizophrenia often have trouble distinguishing between what is real and what is not. They may see or hear things that other people do not see or hear. They may believe that other people are trying to harm them, even when there is no evidence of this. People with schizophrenia may also have trouble thinking clearly, speaking coherently, or behaving appropriately in social situations. The exact cause of schizophrenia is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. People with a family history of schizophrenia are at an increased risk for developing the disorder. Other risk factors include exposure to viral infections, prenatal damage to the brain, and psychological trauma. Schizophrenia can be a very debilitating disorder, but there are treatments available that can help manage the symptoms. antipsychotic medications are the most common treatment for schizophrenia, and they can be effective in reducing hallucinations and delusions. Psychotherapy can also be helpful in managing symptoms and helping people with schizophrenia function in day-to-day life.


Suicidality is complex and there are many factors that contribute to it.  Some common risk factors for suicide include mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, or substance abuse disorders, previous history of suicide attempts, feelings of hopelessness, feeling trapped, underlying trauma, etc. Additionally, certain life and environmental stressors such as relationship problems, financial difficulties, or chronic pain can increase the risk for suicidality. If you are experiencing thoughts of harming yourself or taking your own life, it is important to seek professional help immediately.

Trauma-related Disorders, including Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is a mental health condition that can occur after someone has experienced or witnessed a traumatic event in their life. Symptoms of PTSD can include flashbacks, anxiety, nightmares, depression, and difficulty sleeping. People with PTSD may also experience physical symptoms such as sweating, heart racing, and difficulty breathing.

PTSD is a debilitating condition that can have a serious impact on an individual's life. However, PTSD can be treated effectively.  There are treatments available that can help people manage their symptoms and live healthy, productive lives.

Treatment Options for Mental Health Diagnoses

Mental health diagnoses are often complex, and there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treatment. The most effective treatment plans for mental health diagnoses will be tailored to the individual’s specific needs. Here are some of the most common treatment options for mental health diagnoses:

Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is a common treatment option for mental health diagnoses. Psychotherapy can help people manage their symptoms and improve their overall well-being. There are many different types of psychotherapy, and the type that is most effective for each individual will depend on the diagnosis and the severity of symptoms.

Medication: Medication can be an effective treatment for many mental health diagnoses. psychiatric medications can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning. However, it is important to note that not all psychiatric medications are right for every person. It is important to work with a psychiatrist or other mental health professional to find the medication or combination of medications that is most effective for you.

Self-care: Self-care is an important part of any treatment plan for mental health diagnoses. Self-care includes activities such as exercise, relaxation techniques, healthy eating, and getting enough sleep. These activities can help reduce stress and promote overall well-being.

Support groups: Support groups provide a space for people with similar experiences to connect with one another. Support groups can offer emotional support and practical advice from people who understand what you’re going through.

Medications & Psychiatric Services

Mental health disorders are complex and require a variety of treatment options to address different symptoms. Medications are one treatment option that can be used to manage mental health symptoms. Psychiatric services are another type of treatment that can be used to address mental health disorders.

Psychiatric services include a wide range of treatments such as counseling, therapy, and medication management. These services can be provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, licensed clinical social workers, and other mental health professionals. Psychiatric services can help people with mental health disorders identify and cope with the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are causing problems in their lives.

Alternative Therapies & Practices

There are a number of alternative therapies and practices that can be used to treat mental health conditions. These include but are not limited to: art therapy, yoga, meditation, aromatherapy, acupuncture, and massage therapy. Each of these modalities can be used alone or in combination with other treatments to help address the root cause of the condition and improve symptoms.

Mental health care in Kokomo, Indiana is an important issue that affects many people in the area. By understanding primary diagnoses and available treatment options, individuals can take proactive steps to address their mental health needs.


Contact us